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Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from ___ to ___

Commission File Number 001-36305

SEMLER SCIENTIFIC, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

26-1367393

(State or other jurisdiction of

(I.R.S. Employer

incorporation or organization)

Identification No.)

2340-2348 Walsh Avenue, Suite 2344

Santa Clara, CA 95051

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

(877) 774-4211

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None.

Title of each class

    

Trading Symbol(s)

    

Name of each exchange on which registered

N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes   No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).   Yes    No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

Large Accelerated Filer

 

Accelerated Filer

 

 

 

 

Non-Accelerated Filer

 

Smaller Reporting Company

 Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes    No

As of November 2, 2020, there were 6,658,114 shares of the issuer’s common stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page

Part I.

Financial Information

1

 

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

1

Item 2.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

13

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

18

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

18

 

 

Part II.

Other Information

19

 

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

19

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

19

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

19

Item 3.

Defaults upon Senior Securities

19

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

19

Item 5.

Other Information

19

Item 6.

Exhibits

20

 

 

Signatures

21

i

Table of Contents

CAUTIONARY NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements include those that express plans, anticipation, intent, contingency, goals, targets or future development and/or otherwise are not statements of historical fact. These forward-looking statements are based on our current expectations and projections about future events and they are subject to risks and uncertainties known and unknown that could cause actual results and developments to differ materially from those expressed or implied in such statements. These include risks relating to our strategy, our products and services, our preliminary estimates of variable-fee license revenues, as well as risks relating to the healthcare industry, a heavily regulated environment and the markets we and our customers operate in, including the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

In some cases, you can identify forward-looking statements by terminology, such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “intends,” “estimates,” “plans,” “believes,” “seeks,” “may,” “should,” “continue,” “could” or the negative of such terms or other similar expressions. Accordingly, these statements involve estimates, assumptions and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in them. Any forward-looking statements are qualified in their entirety by reference to the factors discussed throughout this report.

You should read this quarterly report and the documents that we reference herein and therein and have filed as exhibits to this report, completely and with the understanding that our actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. You should assume that the information appearing in this quarterly report is accurate as of the date of this report only. Because the risk factors referred to above could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements made by us or on our behalf, you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. The risks described under the heading “Risk Factors” in our annual report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, on March 9, 2020, along with risks related to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and other risks could impact these forward-looking statements. Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which it is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which the statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for us to predict which factors will arise. In addition, we cannot assess the impact of each factor on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statements. We qualify all of the information presented in this quarterly report, and particularly our forward-looking statements, by these cautionary statements.

ii

Table of Contents

PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION

Item 1. Financial Statements.

Semler Scientific, Inc.

Condensed Statements of Income

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

For the three months ended September 30

For the nine months ended September 30

    

2020

    

2019

    

2020

    

2019

Revenues

$

10,727

$

8,902

$

26,530

$

23,616

Operating expenses:

 

Cost of revenues

 

820

974

2,370

2,755

Engineering and product development

 

672

617

2,277

1,777

Sales and marketing

 

2,116

2,345

7,283

6,626

General and administrative

 

1,564

1,855

4,634

4,798

Total operating expenses

 

5,172

5,791

16,564

15,956

Income from operations

 

5,555

3,111

9,966

7,660

Interest income (expense)

 

2

(2)

5

Other income (expense)

 

38

(1)

64

(3)

Other expense

40

(3)

69

(3)

Pre-tax net income

$

5,595

$

3,108

$

10,035

$

7,657

Income tax provision (benefit)

 

729

(4,671)

1,421

(4,594)

Net income

4,866

7,779

8,614

12,251

Net income per share, basic

$

0.74

$

1.20

$

1.31

$

1.91

Weighted average number of shares used in computing basic income per share

 

6,578,808

6,492,501

6,553,522

6,410,588

Net income per share, diluted

$

0.61

$

0.96

$

1.07

$

1.51

Weighted average number of shares used in computing diluted income per share

8,038,513

8,108,053

8,046,759

8,121,996

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements.

1

Table of Contents

Semler Scientific, Inc.

Condensed Balance Sheets

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

September 30,

December 31,

2020

    

2019

Assets

Current Assets:

 

  

 

  

Cash

$

16,793

$

7,741

Trade accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $56 and $36 respectively

 

3,455

 

3,486

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

 

1,530

 

216

Total current assets

 

21,778

 

11,443

Assets for lease, net

 

1,802

 

2,079

Property and equipment, net

 

258

 

249

Notes receivable

500

Other non-current assets

432

15

Long-term deferred tax assets

3,277

4,501

Total assets

$

28,047

$

18,287

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity

 

 

Current liabilities:

Accounts payable

$

336

$

338

Accrued expenses

 

4,277

 

3,914

Deferred revenue

 

960

 

955

Other short-term liabilities

78

Total current liabilities

 

5,651

 

5,207

Long-term liabilities:

 

 

  

Other long-term liabilities

345

7

Total long-term liabilities

 

345

 

7

Stockholders’ equity:

 

 

Common stock, $0.001 par value; 50,000,000 shares authorized; 6,640,833, and 6,556,221 shares issued, and 6,615,833 and 6,531,221 shares outstanding (treasury shares of 25,000, and 25,000, respectively)

 

7

 

7

Additional paid-in capital

 

19,764

 

19,400

Retained earnings (accumulated deficit)

 

2,280

 

(6,334)

Total stockholders’ equity

 

22,051

 

13,073

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity

$

28,047

$

18,287

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements.

2

Table of Contents

Semler Scientific, Inc.

Statements of Stockholders’ Equity

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

Common Stock

Treasury Stock

Additional

Common Stock

Paid-In

Accumulated

Total Stockholder’s

    

Shares Issued

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Deficit

    

Equity

Balance at June 30, 2019

    

6,484,414

    

$

6

    

(25,000)

    

$

    

$

23,161

    

$

(16,946)

    

$

6,221

Warrant Exercises

 

13,670

Stock Option Exercises

 

54,832

1

15

16

Stock-based Compensation

 

86

86

Net income

 

7,779

7,779

Balance at September 30, 2019

 

6,552,916

$

7

(25,000)

$

$

23,262

$

(9,167)

$

14,102

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2020

Common Stock

Treasury Stock

Additional

Common Stock

Paid-In

Retained Earnings /

Total Stockholder’s

    

Shares Issued

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

(Accumulated Deficit)

    

Equity

Balance at June 30, 2020

 

6,588,176

$

7

(25,000)

$

$

19,598

$

(2,586)

$

17,019

Employee Stock Grant

641

Stock Option Exercises

 

52,016

104

104

Stock-based Compensation

 

62

62

Net income

 

4,866

4,866

Balance at September 30, 2020

6,640,833

$

7

(25,000)

$

$

19,764

$

2,280

$

22,051

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

Common Stock

Treasury Stock

Additional

Common Stock

Paid-In

Accumulated

Total Stockholder’s

    

Shares Issued

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

Deficit

    

Equity

Balance at December 31, 2018

 

6,349,985

$

6

 

(25,000)

$

$

25,608

$

(21,418)

$

4,196

Warrant Re-purchase

 

 

 

 

 

(2,687)

 

 

(2,687)

Warrant Exercises

 

36,197

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stock Option Exercises

 

166,734

 

1

 

 

 

59

 

 

60

Stock-based Compensation

 

 

 

 

 

282

 

 

282

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

12,251

 

12,251

Balance at September 30, 2019

6,552,916

$

7

 

(25,000)

$

$

23,262

$

(9,167)

$

14,102

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

Common Stock

Treasury Stock

Additional

Common Stock

Paid-In

Retained Earnings /

Total Stockholder’s

    

Shares Issued

    

Amount

    

Shares

    

Amount

    

Capital

    

(Accumulated Deficit)

    

Equity

Balance at December 31, 2019

 

6,556,221

7

(25,000)

19,400

(6,334)

13,073

Employee Stock Grant

641

Stock Option Exercises

 

83,971

174

174

Stock-based Compensation

 

190

190

Net income

 

8,614

8,614

Balance at September 30, 2020

 

6,640,833

$

7

(25,000)

$

$

19,764

$

2,280

$

22,051

3

Table of Contents

Semler Scientific, Inc.

Condensed Statements of Cash Flows

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars)

For the nine months ended September 30

    

2020

    

2019

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

Net Income

$

8,614

$

12,251

Reconciliation of Net Income to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:

 

  

 

  

Depreciation

 

412

470

Deferred tax expense

1,224

(4,709)

Loss on disposal of assets for lease

 

178

159

Bad debt expense

 

43

42

Stock-based compensation expense

 

190

282

Changes in Operating Assets and Liabilities:

 

Trade accounts receivable

 

(13)

(512)

Prepaid expenses and other assets

 

(1,315)

(122)

Other non-current assets

(416)

Accounts payable

 

(2)

389

Accrued expenses

 

264

109

Deferred revenue

 

5

734

Other current and non-current liabilities

416

Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities

 

9,600

9,093

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

Additions to property and equipment

 

(103)

(106)

Notes receivable

(400)

Purchase of assets for lease

 

(219)

(1,102)

Net Cash Used in Investing Activities

 

(722)

(1,208)

 

 

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

 

  

 

  

Re-purchase of warrants

(2,687)

Exercise of stock options

 

174

60

Net Cash Provided by (Used in) Financing Activities

 

174

(2,627)

INCREASE IN CASH

 

9,052

5,258

CASH, BEGINNING OF PERIOD

 

7,741

3,284

CASH, END OF PERIOD

$

16,793

$

8,542

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed financial statements

4

Table of Contents

Semler Scientific, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

1.           Basis of Presentation

Semler Scientific, Inc., a Delaware corporation (“Semler” or “the Company”), prepared the unaudited interim financial statements included in this report in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and applicable rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial reporting. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in the financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations. As such, the information included in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019 filed with the SEC on March 9, 2020 (the “Annual Report”). In the opinion of management, these financial statements include all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring adjustments) necessary for a fair statement of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The results of operations for the interim periods shown in this report are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for any future period, including the full year.

On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization (“WHO”) declared the recent novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak a global health emergency, which prompted national, state and local governments to begin putting actions in place to slow the spread of COVID-19. In March 2020, the WHO classified the COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic. The outbreak of COVID-19 resulted in travel restrictions, quarantines, “stay-at-home” and “shelter-in-place” orders and extended shutdown of certain businesses around the world. While restrictions began to ease in the second quarter and activities began to resume, recent outbreaks could lead to restrictions being reimplemented. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company’s revenues, primarily from variable-fee licenses, were negatively impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. For the three months ended September 30, 2020, the Company’s revenues, primarily from variable-fee licenses, rebounded to and even exceeded pre-COVID-19 levels. The extent and duration of the pandemic is unknown, and the future effects on the Company’s business are uncertain and difficult to predict. The Company is continuing to monitor the events and circumstances surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic, which may require adjustments to the Company’s estimates and assumptions in the future.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

Accounting Pronouncements Recently Adopted

In November 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2019-08 – Compensation – Stock Compensation (Topic 718) and Revenue from Contracts with Customer (Topic 606).  The amendments on this update require that an entity measure and classify share-based payment awards granted to a customer by applying the guidance in Topic 718.  The amount recorded as a reduction in the transaction price should be based on the grant-date fair value of the share-based payment award.  This standard is effective for the Company’s annual periods beginning after December  15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2020 and determined that the adoption of this new accounting guidance did not have a material impact on its financial statements.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU expands the scope of Topic 718 to include share-based payment transactions for acquiring goods and services from nonemployees. An entity should apply the requirements of Topic 718 to nonemployee awards except for specific guidance on inputs to an option pricing model and the attribution of costs. The ASU specifies that Topic 718 applies to all share-based payment transactions in which a grantor acquires goods or services to be used or consumed in a grantor’s own operations by issuing share-based payment awards. This standard is effective for the Company’s annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2020 and determined that the adoption of this this new accounting guidance did not have a material impact on its financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework—Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement. The amendments in this ASU modify the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements removing the requirements to disclosure amount of and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, the policy for timing of transfers between levels, and the valuation processes for Level 3 fair value measurements. In addition, it modified certain disclosures related to Level 3 fair value measurements and added additional disclosures regarding the range and weighted average of significant unobservable inputs used to develop Level 3 fair value measurements and the changes in unrealized gains and losses for the period included in other comprehensive income for recurring Level 3 fair value measurements held at the end of the reporting period. This update is effective for the Company’s annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019,

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Semler Scientific, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted the new standard on January 1, 2020 and determined that the adoption of this this new accounting guidance did not have a material impact on its financial statements.

Accounting Pronouncements Not Yet Adopted

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments (“Topic 326”). This ASU requires timelier recording of credit losses on loans and other financial instruments held. Instead of reserves based on a current probability analysis, Topic 326 requires the measurement of all expected credit losses for financial assets held at the reporting date based on historical experience, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. All organizations will now use forward-looking information to better inform their credit loss estimates. Topic 326 requires enhanced disclosures regarding significant estimates and judgments used in estimating credit losses, as well as the credit quality and underwriting standards of an organization’s portfolio. These disclosures include qualitative and quantitative requirements that provide information about the amounts recorded in the financial statements. In addition, Topic 326 amends the accounting for credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities and purchased financial assets with credit deterioration. In April 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-04, Codification Improvements to Topic 326 Financial Instruments—Credit Losses, Topic 815, Derivatives and Hedging, and Topic 825, Financial Instruments, to introduce amendments which will affect the recognition and measurement of financial instruments, including derivatives and hedging. In May 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-05, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326); Targeted Transition Relief. The amendments in this ASU provide entities that have certain instruments within the scope of Subtopic 326-20 with an option to irrevocably elect the fair value option in Subtopic 825-10, applied on an instrument-by-instrument basis for eligible instruments upon adoption of Topic 326. This standard and related amendments are effective for the Company’s fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company will adopt the new standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2023. The Company does not anticipate this new standard will have a material impact on its financial statements.

In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles for income taxes. This update is effective for the Company’s annual periods beginning after December 15, 2020, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company will adopt the new standard in the first quarter of fiscal year 2021. The Company does not anticipate this update will have a material impact on its financial statements.

In January 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-01, Investments-Equity Securities (Topic 321), Investments-Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323), and Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815). The amendments in this ASU clarify the interaction between the accounting for investments in equity securities, investment in equity method and certain derivatives instruments. The ASU is expected to reduce diversity in practice and increase comparability of the accounting for these interactions. This ASU is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021. The adoption of this ASU is not expected to have any impact on the Company's results of operations, cash flows or financial position.

In March 2020, FASB issued ASU No. 2020-03, Codification Improvements to Financial Instruments. This ASU improves and clarifies various financial instruments topics, including the current expected credit losses standard issued in 2016 (ASU No. 2016-13). The ASU includes seven different issues that describe the areas of improvement and the related amendments to GAAP, intended to make the standards easier to understand and apply by eliminating inconsistencies and providing clarifications. The amendments have different effective dates. The Company is evaluating the effect of adopting this new accounting guidance, but does not expect adoption will have a material impact on its financial statements.

In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting. This ASU provides optional expedient and exceptions for applying generally accepted accounting principles to contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions affected by reference rate reform if certain criteria are met. In response to the concerns about structural risks of interbank offered rates and, particularly, the risk of cessation of the London Interbank Offered Rate, regulators in several jurisdictions around the world have undertaken reference rate reform initiatives to identify alternative reference rates that are more observable or transaction-based and less susceptible to manipulation. The ASU provides companies with optional guidance to ease the potential accounting burden associated with transitioning away from reference rates that are expected to

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Semler Scientific, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

be discontinued. The ASU can be adopted no later than December 1, 2022, with early adoption permitted. The Company has not yet adopted this ASU and is evaluating the effect of adopting this new accounting guidance.

2.           Variable-fee Revenue

The Company recognizes variable-fee licenses (i.e., fee per test) and sales of hardware equipment and accessories in accordance with Topic 606. Total fees from variable-fee licenses represent approximately $4,088 and $2,660 of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Total fees from variable-fee licenses represent approximately $7,080 and $6,166 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Total sales of hardware and equipment accessories represent approximately $332 and $291 of revenues for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Total sales of hardware and equipment accessories represent approximately $732 and $842 of revenues for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Essentially all of the variable-fee licenses are with large healthcare organizations. The remainder of the revenue is earned from leasing the Company's testing product for a fixed fee, which is not subject to Topic 606.

3.           Assets for Lease, net

The Company enters into contracts with customers for the Company’s QuantaFlo® product. The Company has determined these contracts meet the definition of a lease under Topic 842. The lease portfolio primarily consists of operating leases that are short-term in nature (monthly, quarterly or one year, all of which have renewal options). The assets associated with these leasing arrangements are identified below as assets for lease. During the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized approximately $6,307 and $5,951, respectively, in lease revenues related to these arrangements. During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recognized approximately $18,718 and $16,608, respectively, in lease revenues related to these arrangements, which is included in Revenues on the Condensed Statements of Income.

Assets for lease consist of the following:

September 30, 

December 31, 

2020

    

2019

Assets for lease

$

3,272

$

3,374

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

(1,470)

 

(1,295)

Assets for lease, net

$

1,802

$

2,079

Depreciation expense amounted to $146 and $124 for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Depreciation expense amounted to $318 and $361 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Reduction to accumulated depreciation for returned items was $56 and $38 for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Reduction to accumulated depreciation for returned items was $143 and $115 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company recognized a loss on disposal of assets for lease in the amount of $54 and $62 for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company recognized a loss on disposal of assets for lease in the amount of $178 and $159 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

4.            Property and Equipment, net

Capital assets consist of the following:

September 30, 

December 31, 

2020

    

2019

Capital assets

$

739

$

636

Less: accumulated depreciation

 

(481)

 

(387)

Capital assets, net

$

258

$

249

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Semler Scientific, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

Depreciation expense amounted to $32 and $38 for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Depreciation expense amounted to $94 and $109 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

5.           Accrued Expenses

Accrued expenses consist of the following:

September 30, 

December 31, 

2020

    

2019

Compensation

$

2,953

$

2,803

Accrued taxes

875

378

Miscellaneous accruals

 

449

 

733

Total accrued expenses

$

4,277

$

3,914

6.           Concentration of Credit Risk

Credit risk is the risk of loss from amounts owed by the financial counterparties. Credit risk can occur at multiple levels; as a result of broad economic conditions, challenges within specific sectors of the economy, or from issues affecting individual companies. Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk consist of cash and accounts receivable.

The Company maintains cash with major financial institutions. The Company’s cash consists of bank deposits held with banks that, at times, exceed federally insured limits. The Company limits its credit risk by dealing with counterparties that are considered to be of high credit quality and by performing periodic evaluations of the relative credit standing of these financial institutions.

Management periodically monitors the creditworthiness of its customers and believes that it has adequately provided for any exposure to potential credit loss. For the three months ended September 30, 2019, three customers accounted for 47.0%, 15.7% and 12.4% of the Company’s revenues, respectively. For the nine months ended September 30, 2019, three customers accounted for 50.7%, 12.9%, and 12.8% of the Company’s revenues, respectively. For the three months ended September 30, 2020, two customers accounted for 39.2% and 29.8% of the Company’s revenues. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020, two customers accounted for 47.2% and 20.4% of the Company’s revenues, respectively. As of December 31, 2019, three customers accounted for 55.9%,  17.6% and 12.0%  of the Company’s accounts receivable, respectively. As of September 30, 2020, three customers accounted for 42.2%, 11.6% and 11.1% of the Company’s accounts receivable, respectively.  The Company’s largest customer in terms of both revenues and accounts receivable in the three months ended September 30, 2020 is a U.S. diversified healthcare company and its affiliated plans.

As of December 31, 2019, two vendors accounted for 15.9% and 14.1% of the Company’s accounts payable, respectively.  As of September 30, 2020, three vendors accounted for 19.4%, 17.5%, and 13.0% of the Company’s accounts payable, respectively.

7.          Commitments and Contingencies

Facilities Leases

The Company recognized facilities lease expenses of $32 and $17 for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company recognized facilities lease expenses of $67 and $51 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.

On July 31, 2020, the Company entered into a 61-month lease agreement for office space to use, as necessary, for office administration, lab space and assembly and storage purposes, located in Santa Clara, California. The Company took possession of the leased office space in September 2020, and the lease is effective through September 30, 2025. The following table summarizes the future

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Semler Scientific, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

minimum rental payments required under operating leases that had initial or remaining non-cancelable lease terms greater than one year as of September 30, 2020:

    

Total

October 2020 through December 2020

$

21

2021

 

85

2022

 

87

2023

 

90

2024

 

93

2025

 

71

Thereafter

Total undiscounted future minimum payments

447

Less: present value discount

(28)

Total lease liabilities

419

Lease expense in excess of cash payments

(7)

Total right of use (“ROU”) asset

$

412

As of September 30, 2020, the Company’s ROU asset was $412, which is recorded on the Company’s balance sheet as other current assets. The Company’s current maturities of operating lease liabilities were $75, and the Company’s noncurrent lease liabilities were $345, which are recorded on the Company’s balance sheet as other short-term liabilities and other long-term liabilities, respectively. During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company paid $0 in operating leases reflected as a reduction in operating cash flows.

Indemnification Obligations

The Company enters into agreements with customers, partners, lenders, consultants, lessors, contractors, sales representatives and parties to certain transactions in the ordinary course of the Company’s business. These agreements may require the Company to indemnify the other party against third party claims alleging that its product infringes a patent or copyright. Certain of these agreements require the Company to indemnify the other party against losses arising from: a breach of representations or covenants, claims relating to property damage, personal injury or acts or omissions of the Company, its employees, agents or representatives. The Company has also agreed to indemnify the directors and certain of the officers and employees in accordance with the by-laws of the Company. These indemnification provisions will vary based upon the nature and terms of the agreements. In many cases, these indemnification provisions do not contain limits on the Company’s liability, and the occurrence of contingent events that will trigger payment under these indemnities is difficult to predict. As a result, the Company cannot estimate its potential liability under these indemnities. The Company believes that the likelihood of conditions arising that would trigger these indemnities is remote and, historically, the Company has not made any significant payment under such indemnification provisions. Accordingly, the Company has not recorded any liabilities relating to these agreements. In certain cases, the Company has recourse against third parties with respect to the aforesaid indemnities, and the Company believes it maintains adequate levels of insurance coverage to protect the Company with respect to potential claims arising from such agreements.

8.           Stock Incentive Plan

The Company’s stock-based compensation program is designed to attract and retain employees while also aligning employees’ interests with the interests of its stockholders. Stock options have been granted to employees under the stockholder-approved 2007 Key Person Stock Option Plan (“2007 Plan”) and stock options and restricted stock have been granted to employees under the stockholder-approved 2014 Stock Incentive Plan (“2014 Plan”). Stockholder approval of the 2014 Plan became effective in September 2014. The 2014 Plan originally provided that the aggregate number of shares of common stock that may be issued pursuant to awards granted under the 2014 Plan may not exceed 450,000 shares (the “Share Reserve”), however in October 2015, the stockholders approved a 1,500,000 increase to the Share Reserve. In addition, the Share Reserve automatically increases on January 1st of each year, for a period of not more than 10 years, beginning on January 1st of the year following the year in which the 2014 Plan became effective and ending

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Semler Scientific, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

on (and including) January 1, 2024, in an amount equal to 4% of the total number of shares of common stock outstanding on December 31st of the preceding calendar year. The Company’s Board of Directors may act prior to January 1st of a given year to provide that there will be no January 1st increase in the Share Reserve for such year or that the increase in the Share Reserve for such year will be a lesser number of shares of common stock than would otherwise occur. On January 1, 2020, the Share Reserve increased by 261,249 shares due to the automatic 4% increase. The Share Reserve is currently 2,783,616 shares as of September 30, 2020.

In light of stockholder approval of the 2014 Plan, the Company no longer grants equity awards under the 2007 Plan. As of September 30, 2020, 0 shares of an aggregate total of 407,500 shares were available for future stock-based compensation grants under the 2007 Plan and 1,259,200 shares of an aggregate total of 2,783,616 shares were available for future stock-based compensation grants under the 2014 Plan.

Restricted Stock

The Company granted 641 shares of restricted stock to an employee in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

Stock Options

Aggregate intrinsic value represents the difference between the closing market value as of September 30, 2020 of the underlying common stock and the exercise price of outstanding, in-the-money options. A summary of the Company’s stock option activity and related information for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 is as follows:

Options Outstanding

Weighted

Number of

Weighted

Average

Stock

Average

Remaining

Aggregate

Options

Exercise

Contractual

Intrinsic Value

    

Outstanding

    

Price

    

Term (In Years)

    

(in thousands)

Balance, January 1, 2020

 

1,581,582

$

3.23

 

5.86

$

70,827

Options exercised

 

(85,226)

2.77

Balance, September 30, 2020

 

1,496,356

$

3.25

5.15

$

75,023

Exercisable as of September 30, 2020

 

1,447,502

$

3.14

5.08

$

72,741

The total compensation cost related to unvested stock option awards not yet recognized was $244 as of September 30, 2020.  The weighted average period over which the total unrecognized compensation cost related to these unvested stock awards will be recognized is 0.7 years. There were no options granted during the three or nine months ended September 30, 2020 or 2019.

The Company has recorded an expense of $62 and $86 as it relates to stock-based compensation for the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. The Company has recorded an expense of $190 and $282 as it relates to stock-based compensation for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively:

Three months ended September 30, 

Nine months ended September 30, 

    

2020

    

2019

    

2020

    

2019

Cost of Revenue

$

$

1

$

$

1

Engineering and Product Development

 

2

14

Sales and Marketing

 

7

39

General and Administrative

 

62

76

190

228

Total

$

62

$

86

$

190

$

282

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Semler Scientific, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

9.           Income Taxes

The Company’s income tax provision for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively,  reflects its estimate of the effective tax rates expected to be applicable for the full year, adjusted for any discrete events that are recorded in the period in which they occur.  The estimates are re-evaluated each quarter based on the estimated tax expense for the full year.

The effective tax rate for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2020 was 13.19% and 14.17%, respectively, compared to (150)% and (60)%, respectively, in the same periods of the prior year. The increase in the effective tax rate for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2020 is primarily related to the release of the valuation allowance against the deferred tax assets for federal and state net operating loss (“NOL”) carryforwards and other related deferred tax assets in the quarter ended September 30, 2019.

The effective tax rate for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2020 differed from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21%primarily due to state income taxes (net of federal benefit) partially offset by tax benefits associated with employee equity plans and federal and state research and development credit benefit. The effective tax rate for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2019 differed from the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21% primarily due to NOL carryforwards that offset potential current taxes for which a full valuation allowance had been previously provided being fully released during the quarter ended September 30, 2019.

On March 27, 2020, the Coronavirus Aid Relief, and Economic Security Act was signed into law. The Company has evaluated the impact of the new regulations and determined that there is no material impact to its financial statements.

10.           Net Income Per Share, Basic and Diluted

Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) represent net income attributable to common stockholders divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the measurement period. Diluted EPS represents net income attributable to common stockholders divided by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the measurement period while also giving effect to all potentially dilutive common shares that were outstanding during the period using the treasury stock method.

Basic and diluted EPS is calculated as follows:

Three months ended September 30, 

2020

2019

Shares

    

Net Income

    

EPS

    

Shares

    

Net Income

    

EPS

Basic

6,578,808

$

4,866

$

0.74

6,492,501

$

7,779

$

1.20

Common stock warrants

70,291

155,490

Common stock options

1,389,414

1,460,062

Diluted

8,038,513

$

4,866

$

0.61

8,108,053

$

7,779

$

0.96

Nine months ended September 30, 

2020

2019

Shares

    

Net Income

    

EPS

    

Shares

    

Net Income

    

EPS

Basic

6,553,522

$

8,614

$

1.31

6,410,588

$

12,251

$

1.91

Common stock warrants

69,682

190,144

Common stock options

1,423,556

1,521,264

Diluted

8,046,759

$

8,614

$

1.07

8,121,996

$

12,251

$

1.51

The were no weighted average shares outstanding of common stock equivalents excluded from the computation of diluted net loss per share for the three or nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.

11.          Exclusive Distribution Agreement

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Semler Scientific, Inc.

Notes to Condensed Financial Statements

Unaudited

(In thousands of U.S. Dollars, except share and per share data)

In September 2020, the Company entered into an agreement to exclusively market and distribute a new product line in the United States, including Puerto Rico, for a privately-held company. Under this distribution agreement, the Company agreed to purchase $1,200 of product inventory. The Company also agreed to certain minimum quotas of product inventory during the term of the agreement and to make royalty payments ranging from 0% to 10% of net sales depending on the average net sales price of the distributed products. Unless early terminated in accordance with its terms, the exclusive distribution agreement will remain in full force and effect until December 31, 2024, and thereafter there is an option for this agreement to be automatically renewed for additional 4-year terms. In  September 2020, the Company made a prepayment of $900 for inventory to be delivered during the quarter ending December 31, 2020, which has been recorded in the condensed balance sheet as prepaid expenses and other current assets.

12.          Note Receivable

In September 2020, the Company acquired a $500 promissory note from a privately-held company in a new product area. The Company funded $400 of the note, and the remaining $100 was retained for expense reimbursement. This note receivable is recorded on the Company’s balance sheet as of September 30, 2020. This note has an interest rate of 10%, has customary terms for default and fully matures upon the one-year anniversary of the issuance date. The Company expects to receive no payments on this note during the remainder of 2020 and full payment of $550 for the note and interest upon maturity in 2021.

13.          Subsequent Events

Following the note receivable investment referred to in Note 12, in October 2020, the Company made an investment in the equity securities of such privately-held company for 40,922 shares of the Company’s common stock.

In October 2020, the Company acquired a convertible note in a third privately-held company in a new product area for a purchase price of $58, which note converted into shares of preferred stock concurrent with the Company’s purchase of additional shares of preferred stock for $250. Subsequently, the Company acquired a $1,500 convertible promissory note, which is convertible into shares of preferred stock, and warrants to purchase shares of common stock of this third privately-held company. The Company funded $1,400 of the note, and the remaining  $100 was retained for expense reimbursement.

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Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

The following discussion and analysis should be read together with our condensed unaudited financial statements and the related notes appearing elsewhere in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q and with the audited financial statements and notes for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, and the information under the headings “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on March 9, 2020, or the Annual Report. This discussion contains forward-looking statements reflecting our current expectations that involve risks and uncertainties. See “Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” for a discussion of the uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated with these statements. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those discussed in our forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, including those set forth under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report and the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.

Overview

We are a company providing technology solutions to improve the clinical effectiveness and efficiency of healthcare providers. Our mission is to develop, manufacture and market innovative proprietary products and services that assist our customers in evaluating and treating chronic diseases. In 2011, we began commercializing our first patented and U.S. Food and Drug Administration, or FDA, cleared product, which measured arterial blood flow in the extremities to aid in the diagnosis of peripheral arterial disease, or PAD. In March 2015, we received FDA 510(k) clearance for the next generation version of our product, QuantaFlo®, which we began commercializing in August 2015. We believe our products and services position us to provide valuable information to our customer base, which in turn permits them to better guide patient care.

In the three months ended September 30, 2020, we had total revenues of $10,727,000 and net income of $4,866,000, compared to total revenues of $8,902,000 and net income of $7,779,000 in the same period in 2019. In the nine months ended September 30, 2020, we had total revenues of $26,530,000 and net income of $8,614,000 compared to total revenues of $23,616,000 and net income of $12,251,000 in the same period in 2019.

Recent Developments

Late in the first quarter and into the second quarter of 2020, we experienced decreased test volumes due to COVID-19 related “social distancing” and other executive orders mandating “shelter-in-place” or similar restrictions, which limited patient visits by our customers. As such restrictions have been lifted around the country and non-emergency medical services have resumed in the third quarter of 2020, our business has returned to and even exceeded pre-COVID-19 levels.  We experienced even higher test volumes as our customers accelerated usage due to a backlog of untested patients.  However, there is uncertainty that the recent roll-back in restrictions will be maintained.  New, additional or different restrictions could be imposed, which could impact the usage of our product by our customers.  Other customers who have fixed-fee licenses could decide to cancel their licenses if they are not able to use our device as frequently as they had anticipated in light of such restrictions.

In September 2020, we entered into an agreement to exclusively market and distribute a new product line in the United States, including Puerto Rico, for a privately-held company. Under this distribution agreement, we agreed to purchase $1,200,000 of product inventory. We also agreed to certain minimum quotas of product inventory during the term of the agreement and to make royalty payments ranging from 0% to 10% of net sales depending on the average net sales price of the distributed products. Unless early terminated in accordance with its terms, the exclusive distribution agreement will remain in full force and effect until December 31, 2024, and thereafter there is an option for this agreement to be automatically renewed for additional 4-year terms. In September 2020, we made a prepayment of $900,000 for inventory to be delivered during the fourth quarter of 2020.

In September 2020, we acquired a $500,000 promissory note from a second privately-held company in a new product area. We funded $400,000 of the note, and the remaining $100,000 was retained for expense reimbursement. This note has an interest rate of 10%, has customary terms for default and fully matures upon the one-year anniversary of the issuance date. We expect to receive no payments on this note during the remainder of 2020 and full payment of $550,000 for the note and interest upon maturity in 2021. Following this, in October 2020, we made an investment in the equity securities of such privately-held company for 40,922 shares of our common stock. The shares were issued in reliance on the exemption from registration requirements provided by Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

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In October 2020, we acquired a convertible note in a third privately-held company in a new product area for a purchase price of $58,000, which note converted into shares of preferred stock concurrent with our purchase of additional shares of preferred stock for $250,000. Subsequently, we acquired a $1,500,000 convertible promissory note, which is convertible into shares of preferred stock, and warrants to purchase shares of common stock of this third privately-held company. We funded $1,400,000 of the note, and the remaining $100,000 was retained for expense reimbursement.

We invested in these three private companies as they are developing products that may allow us to expand our current product offering beyond QuantaFlo® for PAD, in addition to our internal research and development efforts. Their products deal with better chronic disease management and may be used by primary care practitioners, are FDA-cleared or equivalent, produced positive clinical data and two of the three new products seek to improve aspects or sequelae of the metabolic syndrome.

Results of Operations

Three Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

Revenues

We had revenues of $10,727,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2020, an increase of $1,825,000, or 21%, compared to $8,902,000 in the same period in 2019. Our revenues are primarily from fees charged to customers for use of our vascular testing products and from sale of accessories used with these products. We recognized revenues from fixed-fee licenses of $6,307,000 an increase of $356,000, or 6%, compared to $5,951,000 in the same period of the prior year. We recognized revenues from variable-fee license revenues of $4,088,000 an increase of $1,428,000, or 54% compared to $2,660,000 in the same period of the prior year. The remainder of our revenues of $332,000 was from other items, such as the sale of equipment, supplies or accessories sales, an increase of $41,000, or 14%, compared to $291,000 in the same period of the prior year.

Revenues from fees for vascular testing products are recognized monthly for each unit installed with a customer, usually billed as a monthly fixed-fee, or as a monthly variable-fee dependent on usage. The primary reason for the increase in revenues was growth in the number of installed units from both new customers and established customers, which we believe is the result of our sales and marketing efforts.

Operating expenses

We had total operating expenses of $5,172,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2020, a decrease of $619,000 or 11%, compared to $5,791,000 in the same period in the prior year. The primary reasons for this change were decreased personnel expense and lower travel expenses, as we modified our business practices in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. As a percentage of revenues, operating expenses decreased to 48% in the third quarter of 2020 as compared to 65% in the prior year period. The changes in the various components of our operating expenses are described below.

Cost of revenues

We had cost of revenues of $820,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2020, a decrease of $154,000, or 16%, compared to $974,000 in the same period of the prior year. The primary reasons for this change were decreased personnel expense and lower depreciation per unit per month as a greater percentage of installations were software and sensor only rather than laptop, software and sensor, partially offset by increased customer support expense. As a percentage of revenues, cost of revenues decreased to 8% in the third quarter of 2020, as compared to 11% in the prior year period.

Engineering and product development expense

We had engineering and product development expense of $672,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2020, an increase of $55,000, or 9%, compared to $617,000 in the same period of the prior year. The increase was primarily due to increased personnel and other costs associated with our product development and customization efforts, partially offset by lower consultant costs. As a percentage of revenues, engineering and product development expense was 6% in the third quarter of 2020, as compared to 7% in the prior year period.

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Sales and marketing expense

We had sales and marketing expense of $2,116,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2020, a decrease of $229,000, or 10%, compared to $2,345,000 in the same period of the prior year. The decrease was primarily due to lower travel expenses. As a percentage of revenues, sales and marketing expense decreased to 20% in the third quarter of 2020, as compared to 26% in the prior year period. 

General and administrative expense

We had general and administrative expense of $1,564,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2020, a decrease of $291,000, or 16%, compared to $1,855,000 in the same period of the prior year. The decrease was primarily due to lower personnel expense and lower professional fees. As a percentage of revenues, general and administrative expense decreased to 15% in the third quarter of 2020, as compared to 21% in the prior year period. 

Other income/expense

We had other income of $40,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2020, compared to other expense of $3,000 in the same period of the prior year. The increase was primarily due to miscellaneous income and interest income, partially offset by credit card merchant fees.

Pre-tax net income

For the foregoing reasons, we had pre-tax net income of $5,595,000, for the three months ended September 30, 2020, an increase of $2,487,000, or 80%, compared to a pre-tax net income of $3,108,000 for the same period of the prior year.

Income tax expense (benefit)

We had income tax expense of $729,000 for the three months ended September 30, 2020, compared to income tax benefit of $4,671,000 in the same period of the prior year. The tax expense in the current quarter was due to increased income from operations.  The tax benefit in the prior year period was primarily due to the release of a tax valuation allowance.

Net income

For the foregoing reasons, we had net income of $4,866,000, or $0.74 per basic share and $0.61 per diluted share, for the three months ended September 30, 2020, a decrease of $2,913,000, or 37%, compared to a net income of $7,779,000, or $1.20 per basic share and $0.96 per diluted share, for the same period of the prior year.

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

Revenues

We had revenues of $26,530,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, an increase of $2,914,000, or 12%, compared to $23,616,000 in the same period in 2019. Our revenues are primarily from fees charged to customers for use of our vascular testing products and from sale of accessories used with these products. We recognized revenues from fixed-fee licenses of approximately $18,718,000, an increase of $2,110,000, or 13%, compared to $16,608,000 in the same period of the prior year.  We recognized revenues from variable-fee license of approximately $7,080,000, an increase of $914,000, or 15%, compared to $6,166,000 in the same period of the prior year. The remainder of our revenues was from other items, such as the sale of equipment, supplies or accessories sales, which were $732,000, a decrease of $110,000, or 13%, as compared to $842,000 in the same period of the prior year.

Revenues from fees for vascular testing products are recognized monthly for each unit installed with a customer, usually billed as a monthly fixed-fee, or as a monthly variable-fee dependent on usage. The primary reason for the increase in revenues was growth in the number of installed units from both new customers and established customers, which we believe is the result of our sales and marketing efforts, partially offset by the decreased usage experienced in the first half of the year due to COVID-19.

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Operating expenses

We had total operating expenses of $16,564,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, an increase of $608,000 or 4%, compared to $15,956,000 in the same period in the prior year. The primary reason for this change was higher personnel expense to support overall growth in our business and the expanding number of customers, which offset the other decreases due to reduced travel in light of the COVID-19 pandemic. As a percentage of revenues, operating expenses decreased to 62% for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 as compared to 68% in the prior year period. The changes in the various components of our operating expenses are described below.

Cost of revenues

We had cost of revenues of $2,370,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, a decrease of $385,000, or 14%, compared to $2,755,000 in the same period of the prior year. The primary reasons for this change were decreased personnel expense and lower depreciation per unit per month as a greater percentage of installations were software and sensor only rather than laptop, software and sensor, partially offset by increased customer support expense. As a percentage of revenues, cost of revenues decreased to 9% in the nine months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to 12% in the prior year period, primarily due to revenues growing at a faster pace than cost of revenues.

Engineering and product development expense

We had engineering and product development expense of $2,277,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, an increase of $500,000, or 28%, compared to $1,777,000 in the same period of the prior year. The increase was primarily due to increased personnel and other costs associated with our product development and customization efforts, partially offset by lower consultant costs. As a percentage of revenues, engineering and product development expense increased to 9% in the nine months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to 8% in the prior year period.

Sales and marketing expense

We had sales and marketing expense of $7,283,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, an increase of $657,000, or 10%, compared to $6,626,000 in the same period of the prior year. The increase was primarily due to higher personnel expense associated with the continued expansion of existing customers, education, training, and associated expense, partially offset by lower travel expenses.  As a percentage of revenues, sales and marketing expense decreased to 27% in the nine months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to 28% in the prior year period.

General and administrative expense

We had general and administrative expense of $4,634,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, a decrease of $164,000, or 3%, compared to $4,798,000 in the same period of the prior year. The decrease was primarily due to lower professional fees, partially offset by increased expenses to support a growing company, including higher insurance and personnel expense. As a percentage of revenues, general and administrative expense decreased to 17% in the nine months ended September 30, 2020, as compared to 20% in the prior year period.

Other income/expense

We had other income of $69,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to other expense of $3,000 in the same period of the prior year. The increase was primarily due to miscellaneous income and interest income, partially offset by credit card merchant fees.

Pre-tax net income

For the foregoing reasons, we had pre-tax net income of $10,035,000, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, an increase of $2,378,000, or 31%, compared to a pre-tax net income of $7,657,000 for the same period of the prior year.

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Income tax expense /benefit

We had income tax expense of $1,421,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, compared to $4,594,000 income tax benefit in the same period of the prior year. The change was primarily due to increased income from operations in the present year period, as compared to release of a tax valuation allowance in the prior year period.

Net income

For the foregoing reasons, we had net income of $8,614,000, or $1.31 per basic share and $1.07 per diluted share, for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, a decrease of $3,637,000, or 30%, compared to a net income of $12,251,000, or $1.91 per basic share and $1.51 per diluted share, for the same period of the prior year.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

We had cash of $16,793,000 at September 30, 2020 compared to $7,741,000 at December 31, 2019, and total current liabilities of $5,651,000 at September 30, 2020 compared to $5,207,000 at December 31, 2019. As of September 30, 2020, we had working capital of approximately $16,128,000.

Our cash is held in a variety of non-interest bearing bank accounts. We may also hold interest-bearing instruments subject to investment guidelines allowing for holdings in U.S. government and agency securities, corporate securities, taxable municipal bonds, commercial paper and money market accounts. In addition, we may also choose to invest some of our cash resources in other entities that may have complementary technologies or product offerings, such as our recent decision to acquire inventory for distribution in the United States, including Puerto Rico, of a new product line offering, as well as make two minority investments in other privately-held companies in new product areas.

Operating activities

We generated $9,600,000 of net cash from operating activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 compared to $9,093,000 of net cash from operating activities for the same period of the prior year. The change was primarily due to net income, which occurred due to growth in our business. Non-cash adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities were $2,047,000 and were primarily due to deferred tax expense of $1,224,000, depreciation of $412,000, stock-based compensation expense of $190,000, loss on disposal of assets for lease of $178,000 and bad debt expense of $43,000. Changes in operating assets and liabilities used $1,061,000 of net cash, primarily due to prepaid expenses and other assets of $1,315,000, other non-current assets of $416,000, trade accounts receivable of $13,000 and accounts payable of $2,000, which were partially offset by cash provided by other current and non-current liabilities of $416,000, accrued expenses of $264,000 and deferred revenue of $5,000.

Investing activities

We used $722,000 of net cash in investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, which reflects funding of notes receivable of $400,000,  purchases of assets for lease of $219,000 and fixed asset purchases of $103,000 to support our growing business.

We used $1,208,000 of net cash in investing activities for the nine months ended September 30, 2019, which reflects purchases of assets for lease of $1,102,000 and fixed asset purchases of $106,000 to support our growing business.

Financing activities

We generated $174,000 in net cash from financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2020, due to proceeds from exercise of stock options of $174,000.

We used $2,627,000 in net cash in financing activities during the nine months ended September 30, 2019, primarily due to the re-purchase of warrants of $2,687,000 from our chief executive officer in May 2019, partially offset by proceeds from exercise of stock options of $60,000.

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Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of each of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we had no off-balance sheet arrangements.

Commitments and Contingencies

As of each of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, other than employment/consulting agreements with key executive officers and our facilities lease obligation, we had no material commitments other than the liabilities reflected in our financial statements.

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.

Not applicable.

Item 4. Controls and Procedures.

Disclosure Controls and Procedures

We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure material information required to be disclosed in our reports that we file or submit under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer, our Senior Vice President, Finance and Accounting and our Vice President, Finance, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required financial disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, we recognized that a control system, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable, not absolute, assurance that the objectives of the control system are met. Because of the inherent limitations in all control systems, no evaluation of controls can provide absolute assurance that all control issues and instances of fraud, if any, within a company have been detected. Management necessarily was required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.

Under the supervision of and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer, our Senior Vice President, Finance and Accounting and our Vice President, Finance, we evaluated the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as such term is defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Exchange Act) as of September 30, 2020. Based upon that evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer, our Senior Vice President, Finance and Accounting and our Vice President, Finance concluded that, because of the material weaknesses in our internal control over financial reporting, our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective. Notwithstanding the material weaknesses, our management, including our Chief Executive Officer, our Senior Vice President, Finance and Accounting and our Vice President, Finance, has concluded that the consolidated financial statements included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q are fairly stated, in all material respects, in accordance with generally accepting accounting principles in the United States for each of the periods presented herein.

We previously identified the following material weaknesses in internal control over financial reporting as of the year ended December 31, 2019:

a.Insufficient segregation of duties, oversight of work performed and ineffective compensating controls in our finance and accounting functions due to limited personnel;
b.Our information technology general controls related to user access security and change management controls related to our enterprise resource planning system were not designed effectively to provide an adequate audit trail for system change management controls and for the periodic review and testing of user access rights and permissions.
c.We did not sufficiently design and effectively implement controls to validate the completeness and accuracy of underlying data used in the performance of various controls over accounting transactions and disclosures;
d.We did not design sufficient protocols and procedures to retain adequate documentary evidence related to the timely review and approval of manual journal entries including the review of the underlying information at a sufficient level of detail; and
e.We did not sufficiently design and retain adequate documentary evidence supporting the design and operating effectiveness of certain important management review controls including the precision of review and evidence of procedures performed.

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Each of the material weaknesses described above, combined with ineffective compensating financial close and review controls, had a pervasive impact on our activity level cycles and accounts and creates a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the consolidated financial statements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Although we have continued to implement our remediation plan, these material weaknesses persist. Accordingly, management concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were not effective as of September 30, 2020.

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

In an effort to remediate our prior material weaknesses, in the third quarter of 2020, we continued to document our internal controls, including those adopted in prior quarters to address our material weaknesses, as we work towards our year end evaluation.  Other than these remedial changes, there have been no changes in our internal control over financial reporting that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting during our third fiscal quarter ended September 30, 2020.

PART II—OTHER INFORMATION

Item 1. Legal Proceedings.

None.

Item 1A. Risk Factors.

Not applicable.

Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds.

None.

Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities.

None.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures.

Not applicable.

Item 5. Other Information.

Not applicable.

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Item 6. Exhibits.

Exh. No.

    

Exhibit Name

31.1

 

Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of Principal Executive Officer of Registrant

31.2

 

Rule 13a-14(a) Certification of Principal Financial Officer of Registrant

32.1

 

Section 1350 Certification

 

 

 

101.INS

 

XBRL Instance Document - the instance document does not appear in the Interactive Data File because its XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document.

101.SCH

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema

101.CAL

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase

101.DEF

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase

101.LAB

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase

101.PRE

 

Inline XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase

104

The cover page from Semler Scientific's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the three months ended September 30, 2020 is formatted in Inline XBRL and it is contained in Exhibit 101

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

November 6, 2020 

SEMLER SCIENTIFIC, INC.

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Douglas Murphy-Chutorian, M.D.

 

 

Douglas Murphy-Chutorian, M.D.

 

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

 

 

 

By:

/s/ Andrew B. Weinstein

 

 

Andrew B. Weinstein

 

 

Senior Vice President, Finance and Accounting

21

Exhibit 31.1

RULE 13A-14(A) CERTIFICATION

I, Douglas Murphy-Chutorian, M.D., certify that:

1.           I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Semler Scientific, Inc., a Delaware corporation;

2.           Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.           Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.           The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a–15(e) and 15d–15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a–15(f) and 15d–15(f)) for the registrant and have:

(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5.           The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Dated: November 6, 2020 

/s/ Douglas Murphy-Chutorian, M.D.

Douglas Murphy-Chutorian, M.D.

Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)


Exhibit 31.2

RULE 13A-14(A) CERTIFICATION

I, Andrew B. Weinstein, certify that:

1.           I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Semler Scientific, Inc., a Delaware corporation;

2.           Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

3.           Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

4.           The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a–15(e) and 15d–15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a–15(f) and 15d–15(f)) for the registrant and have:

(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

5.           The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Dated: November 6, 2020 

/s/ Andrew B. Weinstein

Andrew B. Weinstein
Senior Vice President, Finance and Accounting

(Principal Financial Officer)


Exhibit 32.1

SECTION 1350 CERTIFICATION

Each of the undersigned, Douglas Murphy-Chutorian, M.D., Chief Executive Officer of Semler Scientific, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Company”), and Andrew B. Weinstein, Senior Vice President, Finance and Accounting of the Company, does hereby certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350 as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to the best of his knowledge (1) the quarterly report on Form 10-Q of the Company for the period ended September 30, 2020, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and (2) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

    

/s/ Douglas Murphy-Chutorian, M.D.

Name: Douglas Murphy-Chutorian, M.D.

Title: Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

Dated: November 6, 2020 

/s/ Andrew B. Weinstein

Name: Andrew B. Weinstein

Title: Senior Vice President, Finance and Accounting

(Principal Financial Officer)

Dated: November 6, 2020 

This certification accompanies and is being “furnished” with this Report, shall not be deemed “filed” by the Company for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to liability under that Section and shall not be deemed to be incorporated by reference into any filing of the Company under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, whether made before or after the date of this Report, irrespective of any general incorporation language contained in such filing. A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.